2:4 Judah. The five oracles against pagan nations are concluded, and the southern kingdom of Judah is now addressed. Divine judgment moves ever closer to the northern kingdom of Israel, where Amos himself prophesied (v. 6).
rejected the law . . . statutes. For rejecting God’s revealed covenant law, and so God Himself, they were particularly worthy of judgment (Ex. 15:26; Deut. 4:39, 40). Judah’s covenant privileges implied greater responsibility (cf. Luke 12:48).
after which their fathers walked. The ancient Near Eastern idiom “to walk after” meant to follow in obedience as a vassal or servant. Judah was following lies, and serving as the vassal of false gods or demons (Deut. 32:17; Rom. 6:16; 1 Cor. 10:20).