2:12 I do not permit. Here Paul exercises his apostolic authority in restricting women from exercising a certain kind of authority and teaching.
to exercise authority over. This Greek word appears only here in the New Testament and is probably used by Paul to refer to some level of judicial or governing authority. Under the influence of the false teachers, certain women have apparently moved into positions of governing authority within the church, which Paul prohibited (1 Cor. 14:34).
quiet. See note on v. 11.