11:1 loved many foreign women. Whereas in the first part of his reign, “Solomon loved the Lord, walking in the statutes of David his father” (3:3), he later “loved many foreign women.” Diplomatic marriages between the dynasties of various kingdoms were common in the ancient Near East as a means of ratifying treaties, but the multiplication of royal wives is forbidden in Deut. 17:17. Moreover, there were prohibitions against marrying foreign wives in the land Israel was to possess (Ex. 34:16; Deut. 7:1–4; Josh. 23:12, 13).