The scope of the first two chapters of this epistle may be gathered from Rom. 3:9; “We have before proved both Jews and Gentiles that they are all under sin.” This we have proved upon the Gentiles (Rom. 1:1-32), now in this chapter he proves it upon the Jews, as appears by Rom. 2:1-17, “thou art called a Jew.” I. He proves in general that Jews and Gentiles stand upon the same level before the justice of God, to Rom. 2:1-11. II. He shows more particularly what sins the Jews were guilty of, notwithstanding their profession and vain pretensions (Rom. 2:17-29).