In this chapter we are directed to consider, I. Some causes of contention, besides those mentioned in the foregoing chapter, and to watch against them, Jas. 4:1-5. II. We are taught to abandon the friendship of this world, so as to submit and subject ourselves entirely to God, Jas. 4:4-10. III. All detraction and rash judgment of others are to be carefully avoided, Jas. 4:11, 12. IV. We must preserve a constant regard, and pay the utmost deference to the disposals of divine Providence, Jas. 4:13-17.