Syria and Ephraim were confederate against Judah (Isa. 7:1, 2), and, they being so closely linked together in their counsels, this chapter, though it be entitled “the burden of Damascus” (which was the head city of Syria), reads the doom of Israel too. I. The destruction of the strong cities both of Syria and Israel is here foretold, Isa. 17:1-5, 9-11. II. In the midst of judgment mercy is remembered to Israel, and a gracious promise made that a remnant should be preserved from the calamities and should get good by them, Isa. 17:6-8. III. The overthrow of the Assyrian army before Jerusalem is pointed at, Isa. 17:12-14. In order of time this chapter should be placed next after Isa. 19:1-25, for the destruction of Damascus, here foretold, happened in the reign of Ahaz, 2 Kgs. 16:9.