9210 judgment, God’s

9210 judgment, God’s

God judges the world by identifying and condemning sin and by vindicating and rewarding the righteous. God exercises temporal judgment on the world and on his people; final judgment will take place when Jesus Christ returns.

The nature of God’s judgment

Its certainty Ecc 12:14 See also Ps 7:11; Ecc 3:17; Ecc 11:9; Jas 5:9

Its righteousness Ge 18:25 See also Ps 9:7-8; Ps 50:6; Ps 96:13 pp 1Ch 16:33

Its impartiality 2Ch 19:7 See also Dt 10:17; Job 34:19; Ps 98:9; Ro 2:11; Eph 6:9

The purpose of God’s judgment

To display his glory Isa 5:16 See also Ex 14:4; Isa 59:18-19; Eze 7:27; Eze 38:23; Rev 14:7

To vindicate the righteous 1Sa 24:12-15 See also Ps 7:8-9; Isa 34:8; Jer 11:20; Jer 51:9-10; Rev 16:5-7

To defend the weak Ps 140:12 See also Ps 82:1-4; Isa 11:4; Eze 34:16-22

To bring salvation to his people Isa 30:18 See also Ex 6:6; Dt 32:36; Ps 76:8-9; Ps 105:5-7 pp 1Ch 16:12-14; Isa 33:22

To punish sin Ro 2:12 See also Ps 1:4-6; Jn 12:48; Ro 5:16; Heb 10:26-30; Heb 13:4

To turn people to God Isa 19:22 Temporal judgments may turn people to God and so save them from eternal judgment. See also 1Ki 8:33 pp 2Ch 6:24; 2Ch 7:13-14; Da 4:33-34; Hos 2:5-7; 1Co 11:29-32

God’s judgment may be delayed

Job 24:1-4; 2Pe 3:9 See also Ps 74:10-11; Ps 94:2-3; Hab 1:2-4,13; Ac 17:30; Ro 3:25; Rev 6:10

Examples of God’s judgment

Judgment on ungodly individuals Ac 12:23 See also 2Ch 21:18-19 Jehoram; Da 5:26-28 Belshazzar; Rev 2:22 Jezebel, the false prophetess

Judgment following particular sins Ge 4:10-14 Cain’s murder of Abel; Nu 20:12 Moses’and Aaron’s disobedience; Lev 10:1-2 Nadab’s and Abihu’s disobedience; 1Sa 25:38-39 Nabal’s contemptuous treatment of David; 2Sa 6:6-8 Uzzah’s handling of the ark; 2Ki 2:23-24 youths jeering at Elisha; 2Ki 5:27 Gehazi’s greed; 2Ch 26:19-20 Uzziah’s pride and unfaithfulness; Ac 5:1-10 Ananias’and Sapphira’s lies

Judgment on peoples and nations Joel 3:12-13 See also Ge 6:17; Ge 19:24-25 Egypt: Ex 7:4-5; Nu 33:4
1Sa 2:10; 1Sa 5:6 Assyria: Isa 10:12; Isa 37:36 pp 2Ki 19:35
Isa 34:5 Babylon: Jer 25:12; Jer 51:56
Jer 25:31-33

God’s judgment on his enemies Dt 32:41-43 See also Ps 45:3-6; Isa 1:24; Eze 38:21-22; Jn 12:31; Rev 20:7-10

God’s judgment on Israel

God’s warning of judgment Dt 28:15-24; Jer 1:16 See also Lev 26:15-20,33; Jer 11:7-8

Plagues Nu 16:46-47; Nu 21:5-9; 2Sa 24:15 pp 1Ch 21:14

Drought and famine 1Ki 17:1; Hag 1:10-11

Defeat by enemies Jos 7:1-7; Jdg 2:11-16 The cycle of sin, defeat and deliverance is repeated several times in Judges; 2Ch 28:4-5

Exile 2Ki 17:23; Jer 11:17; La 1:5; Eze 39:23-24

God’s final judgment on the whole earth

Ac 17:31 See also Da 12:2; Mt 25:31-32; Jn 12:48; Ro 2:16; Ro 14:10; 1Co 4:5; 2Ti 4:1; 1Pe 4:5; Rev 20:11-15

See also

1075God, justice of
1310God as judge
2309Christ as judge
4925delay, divine
5482punishment
5493retribution
5827curse
6020sin
9105last things
9220day of the Lord
9230judgment seat
9240last judgment

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