7447 slavery, in OT
Slavery in the OT occurs when someone either voluntarily or forcibly becomes completely subject to another person’s control.
Reasons for slavery
War Dt 20:10-11 See also Ge 14:21; Nu 31:9; 2Ki 5:2; 2Ch 28:8
Purchase Lev 25:44-45 See also Ge 37:23-28
Debt 2Ki 4:1 See also Ex 22:2-3; Lev 25:39,47-48; Dt 15:12; Ne 5:1-5
Birth Ex 21:4 See also Ge 17:12-13; Ecc 2:7; Jer 2:14
Conscription of foreigners as forced labour 2Sa 12:29-31 See also Ex 1:11-14; Jos 9:22-23; Jos 16:10; Jdg 1:28; 1Ki 9:20-21
Rights of slaves
Rights of protection against physical and sexual abuse Lev 25:43 See also Ex 21:7-11,20-21,26-27
Rights to participate in religious feasts and festivals Ex 23:12 See also Ex 20:9-10; Dt 12:11-12
Rights to inherit property Ge 15:3
Rights of asylum Dt 23:15
The release of slaves
Release in the Year of Jubilee Lev 25:54-55 See also Lev 25:39-41
Release after six years of service Ex 21:2 See also Ex 21:3-6; Dt 15:12-18; Jer 34:8-20 The six-year principle was being abused in the time of Jeremiah.
Release through redemption by a near relative Lev 25:47-53
The status of slaves
Slaves as property Lev 25:46 See also Ex 21:32; Lev 25:39-42 Fellow Israelites were not to be regarded as property.
Slaves as trusted advisors 1Sa 9:5-10