7430 Sabbath, in NT

7430 Sabbath, in NT

The NT develops the OT teaching on the Sabbath in three important directions. It declares that the Sabbath should not be observed in a legalistic manner; the Sabbath-rest is treated as an important symbol of the Christian doctrine of salvation; and finally, the NT itself indicates how Sunday, rather than Saturday, came to be seen as the Christian Sabbath.

Gospel incidents connected with the Sabbath

Exorcism Mk 1:21-25 pp Lk 4:31-35

Healing Mt 12:9-14 pp Mk 3:1-6 pp Lk 6:6-11; Mk 1:30-31 pp Lk 4:38-40; Lk 13:10-17; Lk 14:1-6; Jn 5:5-18; Jn 9:1-16

Teaching Mk 6:2 pp Mt 13:54; Lk 4:16

Other references Mt 28:1 pp Mk 16:1; Lk 23:55-56; Jn 12:2

Jesus Christ’s teaching regarding the Sabbath

Jesus Christ observes the Sabbath regulation Lk 4:16 See also Mt 24:20; Ac 1:12

Human well-being is more important than rigid observance of the Law Mk 2:27-28 See also Mt 12:3

Ceremonial observance must give way before any higher, or more spiritual, motive Mt 12:5-6 See also Lk 6:5

Sabbath reading of Scripture provided an opportunity for reaching the Jews

Ac 17:2 See also Ac 13:14,27,42,44; Ac 15:21; Ac 16:13; Ac 18:4

Sabbath observance was optional for Gentile Christians

Col 2:16

The Lord’s Day

Rev 1:10 At an early stage the Sabbath was replaced by Sunday (the first day of the week) as the day for rest and worship. See also Jn 20:19,26; Ac 20:7; 1Co 16:2

The Sabbath-rest is seen as a symbol of the salvation of the people of God

Heb 4:1 The OT promise of rest was unfulfilled, on account of Israel’s disobedience; Heb 3:18-19; Heb 4:9 The OT promise of rest remains open.

See also

1610Scripture
2333Christ, attitude to OT
2545Christ, opposition to
7930Lord’s Day, the
8774legalism