6648 expiation

6648 expiation

The removal of the guilt of sin in God’s sight by the offering of a vicarious sacrifice which, in its death, bears the sin of the individual or nation concerned.

Expiation is necessary because sin is punishable by God

Ex 32:30 See also Nu 16:46-48; Dt 21:8; Ps 79:8-9

Expiation and the sacrificial system

Unintentional sins expiated by the sin offering Lev 4:1-5:6; Nu 15:22-29

Unintentional sins requiring restitution expiated by the guilt offering Lev 5:14-6:7; Lev 19:20-22

The nation’s sins expiated on the annual Day of Atonement Ex 30:10 See also Lev 16:3-34; Heb 9:7

Blood as a symbol of substitutionary sacrifice Lev 17:11 See also Eze 45:19-20; Heb 9:22; Heb 13:11

The rite of expiation administered by the priests Lev 9:7 See also Lev 7:7; Lev 9:15; Lev 10:17-18; Nu 6:11

Expiation and special provision for the poor Lev 12:7-8 See also Lev 5:7-13; Lev 14:21-32

The sin offering as a constant reminder of the need for expiation

Sin offerings for occasions of dedication Ex 29:31-33 See also Lev 8:14-15; Nu 8:12; 2Ch 29:21-24; Ezr 6:17

Sin offerings for occasions of purification Lev 12:6-7; Lev 14:19-20,49-53; Lev 15:13-15,28-30; Nu 19:1-13

Sin offerings as part of the regular cycle of worship Nu 28:15,22,30; Nu 29:5,11,16

The death of Jesus Christ as the fulfilment and replacement of the old sacrificial system

The death of Jesus Christ as a substitutionary, expiatory sacrifice 1Jn 2:2 See also 1Co 15:3; Gal 1:4; Heb 1:3; 1Pe 3:18

God’s provision of Jesus Christ as an atoning sacrice Ro 3:25 See also Isa 53:10; Ro 8:3; 1Jn 4:10

The blood of Jesus Christ as an atonement for sin Heb 9:13-14 See also Mt 26:28; Eph 1:7; 1Jn 1:7; Rev 1:5

The sacrifice of Jesus Christ as final and unique Heb 7:27 See also Ro 6:10; Heb 9:25-10:14

See also

2315Christ as Lamb
2324Christ as Saviour
2410cross, the
6027sin, remedy for
6173guilt, and God
6510salvation
6614atonement
6652forgiveness
6712propitiation
6752substitution
7316blood, OT sacrifices
7766priests