A day or period of time during which regular work is suspended. In Israel, the Sabbath provided a weekly break from everyday labour, giving opportunity for rest and religious assembly, and was the pattern for set days of rest and annual festivals. The NT records events in the life of Jesus Christ which are marked by Christian holidays.
The Sabbath day
The purpose of holidays
To restore society Lev 25:2-5 The sabbath year allowed the land to be rested; Lev 25:10 The restoration of family property in the Year of Jubilee; Dt 15:12 The sabbath year marked the release of Hebrew slaves.
To assemble for worship Lev 23:3 Release from the ties of everyday labour gives opportunity for the people of God to meet together in worship; Nu 29:12 See also Lev 23:27 pp Nu 29:7; Dt 16:8; Isa 1:13
Ps 42:4 See also Ps 68:24-27; Ps 118:27
Israel’s seven annual holidays
Ex 12:16 pp Lev 23:7-8 the first and seventh days of the Feast of Unleavened Bread; Lev 23:21 pp Nu 28:26 the day of firstfruits (Pentecost); Lev 23:24-25 pp Nu 29:1 the Feast of Trumpets; Lev 23:28-32 pp Lev 16:29-31 the Day of Atonement; Lev 23:34-36 the first and eighth days of the Feast of Tabernacles
Christian holidays linked with the life of Jesus Christ
Pentecost (Whit Sunday) Ac 2:1-4
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