Compensation under the law of Moses
For personal injuries Ex 21:26-27 See also Ex 21:32
For the loss of an animal Ex 21:33-34 See also Ex 21:35-36
For theft Ex 22:1,3-4 See also Ex 22:7-9
For damage to property Ex 22:5-6
For breach of trust Ex 22:10-15; Lev 6:1-7; Nu 5:5-7 Compensation was only paid when someone was at fault. Similar laws apparently existed in patriarchal times: see Ge 31:39.
Compensation later in the OT
The law applied by David 2Sa 12:4-6
Sevenfold compensation for theft Pr 6:30-31 presumably “sevenfold” here means “manifold”; he will pay in full
Adultery beyond compensation Pr 6:32-35
Compensation a mark of repentance Eze 33:15
Compensation in the NT
For losses inflicted Lk 19:8 In his zeal, after being converted, Zacchaeus goes beyond the requirements of the law. See also Phm 18-19
For losses sustained for the gospel Mt 19:29 pp Lk 18:29-30 God is far more generous under grace than he required wrongdoers to be under law.