“King of Righteousness”: king and priest of Salem, who blessed Abraham. David assumed Melchizedek’s role as king and priest of Jersualem for himself and his descendants. Jesus Christ succeeded to this role and became a high priest in the order of Melchizedek.
Melchizedek was both king and priest
As a priest, Melchizedek blessed Abraham Ge 14:18-19
The status of Melchizedek
David appropriates Melchizedek’s office and authority for himself and his descendants Ps 110:1-2,4 The word “order” here means “in succession to”, meaning that Christ assumes the status and function of Melchizedek.
The Davidic Messiah (Christ) inherits the office of Melchizedek Mt 22:41-44 pp Mk 12:35-37 pp Lk 20:41-44 Jesus Christ was at that time being acclaimed as the “Son of David” and by implication here claims to be the Messiah. See also Mt 20:30 pp Mk 10:47 pp Lk 18:35-39; Mt 21:9 pp Mk 11:10; Mt 21:15; Ac 2:34
Jesus Christ as high priest after the order of Melchizedek
The characteristics of the order of Melchizedek Heb 7:2-3 Melchizedek’s order of priesthood was one of kingship, peace and righteousness; it did not depend on genealogical descent (unlike the Levitical priesthood); it is eternal, without known beginning or end. See also Ps 110:4; Heb 5:6; Heb 6:20; Heb 7:21
The uniqueness of Jesus Christ’s high priesthood in the order of Melchizedek Heb 7:6-7 Melchizedek was superior to Abraham and therefore to the Levitical priesthood descended from Abraham; Ps 110:4 The priesthood is secured by God’s oath. See also Heb 6:17-20; Heb 7:16,20-22,26-27; Heb 8:1-2
|1205||God, titles of|
|2206||Jesus, the Christ|
|2215||Christ, Son of David|
|2306||Christ, high priest|