5096 Jacob, the patriarch

5096 Jacob, the patriarch

God’s covenant promises to Abraham were inherited by Jacob, through his father Isaac, and so it was through his line of descent that the promised Messiah was to come.

Jacob was one of the three patriarchs

Ex 3:6 See also Nu 32:11; Dt 1:8; Mt 8:11; Mt 22:32; Ac 3:13

Jacob received the Abrahamic promises

God’s promise to Abraham Ge 12:1-3

Jacob chosen in preference to Esau Ro 9:11-13 See also Ge 25:23; Mal 1:2

The promises given to Jacob and his descendants Ge 28:3-4 See also Ge 28:13-15; Ge 35:11-12; Lev 26:42; 1Ch 16:17 pp Ps 105:10; Heb 11:9

Jacob’s descendants

He fathered the twelve tribes Ex 1:1-5 See also 1Ki 18:31; 1Ch 2:1-2

He was the father of the nation Ps 22:23 See also Ps 77:15; Isa 45:19

Jacob as a symbol for the nation

Jacob and Israel were linked together as equivalent terms for the nation Ps 14:7 See also Nu 23:7; Nu 24:5; 1Ch 16:13; Ps 78:5; Ps 114:1; Ps 135:4; Isa 9:8; Isa 43:28

The nation is described as the house of Jacob Ex 19:3 See also Isa 2:6; Isa 8:17; Jer 5:20; Am 9:8; Lk 1:33

Other descriptions of the nation Dt 33:4; Ps 87:2; Isa 27:9; Isa 59:20; Isa 41:21; Jer 30:18; La 2:2; Mal 2:12; Ro 11:26

National and patriarchal references merged Ps 46:7 See also Ps 20:1; Ps 24:6; Ps 75:9; Ps 94:7; Ps 99:4; Jer 10:16

See also

1245God of the fathers
1348covenant with Abraham
5466promises
7135Israel, people of God
7248patriarchs
7257promised land