A liquid blend of aromatic substances, usually spices, used as a cosmetic and also as a medicinal balm. Lotions were applied to the body to refresh, to improve appearance and to give a pleasing fragrance. Balm, especially from Gilead, was used to soothe pain and to heal wounds.
Preparation of ointment
Job 41:31 One way of making ointment was to crush solid ingredients and boil them together in olive oil.
Containers for ointment
Uses of ointment
To anoint the heads of guests Ps 23:5 See also Ps 133:2 This may reflect the custom of anointing a guest with perfumed ointment which melted and ran down the face and clothes to produce a pleasing fragrance; Lk 7:46
Ointment used in healing
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