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1512 Trinity, equality of the persons

1512 Trinity, equality of the persons

The Son and the Holy Spirit are equal to God the Father in eternity, nature and status. Within the Trinity the Father is head, first among equals; the Son and the Holy Spirit do the Father’s will, glorifying him and making him known; and the Holy Spirit glorifies and makes known the Son.

The Son is equal with the Father

Jn 5:18 See also Jn 5:23; Jn 8:16; Jn 14:9; Jn 17:10; Php 2:6; Col 2:9
Ro 1:7 The equality of the Son and the Father is often implied in the opening greetings of the NT letters. See also 1Co 1:3; Gal 1:3; Eph 1:2; 1Th 1:1; 1Ti 1:2; Phm 3; 2Pe 1:2
Rev 5:13 Doxologies are addressed to the Father and the Son equally or just to the Son. See also Ro 9:5; Heb 13:21; 2Pe 3:18; Rev 7:10

The Holy Spirit is equal with the Father and the Son

2Co 13:14 See also Mt 28:19; 1Pe 1:2; Rev 1:4-5

The obedience of the Son to the Father

The Son submits to the Father in his incarnation Php 2:6-7 See also Mt 24:36; Jn 4:34; Jn 6:38; Jn 14:28,31; Ro 5:19; Heb 5:8; Heb 10:5-7; Ps 40:6-8

The Father is Jesus Christ’s “head” 1Co 11:3 See also 1Co 3:23; 1Co 8:6; 1Co 15:27-28

Equality and mutuality as the three persons glorify one another

The Son glorifies the Father Ro 16:27 See also Jn 14:13; Eph 1:5-6; Eph 3:21; Php 2:11; Col 3:17; 1Pe 4:11; Jude 25

The Father and the Son glorify one another Jn 17:1 In John’s Gospel, the “glory” of Jesus Christ is seen above all in the cross. See also Jn 8:54; Jn 13:31-32; Jn 17:4-5,24; Ac 3:13

The Spirit glorifies the Father and the Son Jn 16:13-15 See also Jn 14:26; Jn 15:26; Eph 1:13-14

See also

1045God, glory of
1403God, revelation
2018Christ, divinity
2024Christ, glory of
2057Christ, obedience
3015Holy Spirit, divinity
3025Holy Spirit, personality
3293Holy Spirit, witness of
5308equality
8138monotheism
8646doxology

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