1346 covenants, nature of
A solemn agreement or promise, sometimes confirmed by sacrifice or by sharing in a meal, by which two or more parties commit themselves to the rights and responsibilities demanded by their relationship and their agreed course of action, and accept the serious consequences of breaking faith.
Kinds of covenant relationship
Sealing a covenant
By sharing a meal Ge 26:30; Ge 31:53-54 The meal Jesus Christ shared with his disciples is an important part of the institution of the new covenant: Mt 26:26-29 pp Mk 14:22-25 pp Lk 22:17-20; 1Co 11:23-25
By offering a sacrifice Jer 34:18-19 The Hebrew expression for making a covenant means, literally, “to cut a covenant”. This may refer to the solemn practice, described here, of cutting an animal in half and walking between its pieces; Ge 15:9-18; Ex 24:4-8; Ps 50:5; Heb 12:24 Sacrifice is an important part in sealing covenants made by God.
The obligations of a covenant
Covenants with other nations are forbidden
|6636||drawing near to God|
|7140||people of God|
|8251||faithfulness to God|