1310 God, as judge

1310 God, as judge

As a part of his sovereignty and authority, God is executor of his righteousness within the created order. Jesus Christ shares in this ongoing work.

God has authority to judge

God’s status as judge Ps 75:7 See also Ps 50:6; Ps 76:8-9; Ecc 11:9; Isa 33:22; Isa 66:16; 2Ti 4:8; Heb 12:23; Jas 4:12

He decides disputes Jdg 11:27 See also Ge 16:5; Ge 31:53; 1Sa 24:15; Isa 2:4 pp Mic 4:3; Jas 5:9

He presides in the heavenly court Isa 3:13 See also Ps 50:4; Ps 82:1; Da 7:9-10; Joel 3:12; Rev 20:11-15

God is judge over the whole of creation

He judges the earth Ge 18:25 See also Ps 9:8; Ps 58:11; Ps 82:8; Ps 94:2; Ps 96:13; Ps 98:9

He judges every individual Eze 33:20 See also Ecc 3:17; Heb 9:27; 1Pe 4:5; Jude 15; Rev 20:12

He judges the nations Joel 3:12 See also Ps 9:19-20; Ps 110:6; Ob 15; Zep 3:8

He judges rulers of nations Isa 40:23; Jer 25:17-27; Rev 6:15-17

He judges his own people Heb 10:30 See also Dt 32:36; Ps 78:62; Jer 1:16; 1Pe 4:17

He judges angels 2Pe 2:4; Jude 6

He judges Satan Ge 3:14-15; Mt 25:41; 1Ti 3:6; Rev 20:10

God’s judgment is inescapable

No-one can hide from God Ob 4 See also Ge 3:8-9; Job 11:20; Jer 11:11; Am 9:1-4

God searches human hearts Jer 17:10 See also 1Ch 28:9; Ps 7:9; Pr 5:21; Jer 11:20

God reveals secrets Ro 2:16 See also Ecc 12:14; Jer 16:17; 1Co 4:5; Heb 4:13

Examples of God acting as judge

His judgment of the earth in sending the flood Ge 6:7,13,17; Ge 7:21-23

His judgment of individuals Ge 4:9-12 Cain; Ac 5:3-10 Ananias and Sapphira; Ac 13:8-11 Elymas the sorcerer

His judgment of families Jos 7:24-25 of Achan; 1Sa 3:12-13 of Eli

His judgment of cities Ge 19:24-25 Sodom and Gomorrah; Jos 6:24 Jericho

His judgment of nations Dt 7:1-5 the Canaanite nations

His judgment of the rulers of nations 2Ch 26:16-21 Uzziah; Da 4:31-33 Nebuchadnezzar; Da 5:22-30 Belshazzar; Ac 12:22-23 Herod

His judgment of his own people Jdg 2:11-15; 2Ch 36:15-20; Isa 33:22

God’s character is revealed through his righteous judgments

His sovereignty Ps 9:7; Ps 96:10; Ps 99:4; Eze 6:14

His power Ex 6:6; Ex 14:31; Eze 20:33-36; Rev 18:8

His holiness Lev 10:1-3; 1Sa 6:19-20; Eze 28:22; Rev 16:5

His anger Na 1:2-3; Ro 2:5

His truth Ps 96:13; Ro 2:2; Rev 16:7

His impartiality 2Ch 19:7; Ro 2:9-11; Col 3:25; 1Pe 1:17

His compassion La 3:31-33; Hos 11:8-9; Jnh 3:10; Jnh 4:2

His patience Nu 14:18; Ne 9:30; 2Pe 3:9

His mercy Ne 9:31; Job 9:15; Ps 78:38; Mic 7:18

Jesus Christ continues God’s work as judge

Jn 5:22 See also Jn 5:27; Ac 10:42

God will act as judge on the last day

Rev 20:12 See also Isa 2:17; Zep 1:14-18; Jn 12:48; Ac 17:31; Ro 2:16; Ro 14:10; 1Co 4:5; 2Ti 4:1; 1Pe 4:5; 2Pe 2:9; 2Pe 3:7

See also

1025God, anger of
1055God, grace & mercy
1065God, holiness of
1075God, justice of
1095God, patience of
1125God, righteousness
2309Christ as judge
5360justice, God
5484punishment by God
9210judgment, God’s
9240last judgment
9510hell

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