1020 God, all-knowing

1020 God, all-knowing

The omniscience of God is that attribute by which he knows all things past, present and future. What is hidden from human sight is still known by God. Scripture stresses the wisdom of God in all his actions, and often grounds this in his all-embracing knowledge.

God’s unique self-knowledge within the Trinity

Mt 11:27 See also Jn 10:15; 1Co 2:10-11

The nature of God’s knowledge

God’s knowledge originates within himself Isa 40:13-14 See also Job 21:22; Ro 11:33-34; 1Co 2:16

God’s knowledge is complete Mt 10:30 pp Lk 12:7 See also Ps 147:4; Isa 40:26

God knows things that are hidden from human understanding Dt 29:29 See also Job 37:15-16; Da 2:22; Mt 24:36 pp Mk 13:32; Ac 1:7; 2Co 12:2-4

God’s comprehensive knowledge of people

God’s knowledge of people’s actions Job 34:21 See also Job 24:23; Job 31:4; Ps 33:13-15; Ps 139:2-3; Jer 23:24

God’s knowledge of people’s needs Mt 6:8 See also Mt 6:31-32 pp Lk 12:29-30

God’s knowledge of people’s hearts and minds 1Ch 28:9 Scripture views the heart not primarily as the seat of emotion but more particularly as the seat of the will. See also Ps 44:20-21; Ps 139:1-2; Jer 17:10; Eze 11:5; Heb 4:12-13

God’s knowledge of individuals Ge 20:1-7 God’s knowledge of Abimelech’s motives and behaviour towards Abraham’s wife Sarah; 1Sa 16:1-12 the Lord to Samuel regarding David’s anointing as king; Ac 5:1-10 God’s knowledge of the deception of Ananias and Sapphira

God’s knowledge of people’s sin Jer 16:17 See also Job 10:14; Ps 69:5; Jer 2:22; Hos 7:2; Am 5:12

God’s foreknowledge

Isa 46:10 See also Isa 42:9; Isa 44:7; Da 2:28

God’s foreknowledge of Jesus Christ’s passion Ac 2:23 See also Ac 3:18; Ac 4:27-28

God’s foreknowledge of those who would become disciples Ro 8:29 See also Jer 1:5; Ro 11:2; 1Pe 1:2

God’s foreknowledge of people’s free actions Ps 139:4 See also Ex 3:19; Dt 31:21; 1Sa 23:10-13

Implications of God’s knowledge

God’s knowledge ensures that all will be judged fairly Heb 4:13 See also 1Sa 2:3; Job 34:22-23; Ecc 12:14; Ro 2:16; 1Co 4:5

God’s knowledge ensures that he knows those who are his 2Ti 2:19 See also Nu 16:5; Ex 33:12; Job 23:10
Jn 10:14 See also 1Co 8:3; Gal 4:9; 1Jn 3:19-20; Rev 3:8

See also

1110God, present everywhere
1115God, purpose of
1130God, sovereignty
1180God, wisdom of
1180God, wisdom of
1310God as judge
1400God, knowledge of
2045Christ, knowledge of
4945history
5026knowledge
6708predestination
9120eternity

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