Founded around 300 B.C., Thessalonica was the cosmopolitan capital of the Roman province of Macedonia. As a “free city,” it was governed by its own politarchs (see Ac 17:6). Situated on a fine harbour and the Via Egnatia, 150 kilometers west of Philippi, this market centre differed little from Corinth in its social structure, pagan rites, and cultural mores. The orgiastic Cabirus cult had been absorbed into the imperial cult, leaving a vacuum in the religious life of the ordinary people (see Jewett, 127-32). Frame calls Thessalonica “important, populous and wicked” (2).