- A. The Question Posed (7:1–3)
- B. The Sermon Concerning the Purpose of Fasting (7:4–14)
- C. Related Sayings of Encouragement (8:1–8)
- B1. The Sermon Promising to Restore Judah's Fortunes (8:9–17)
- A1. The Answer Given (8:18–23)
The question raised in 7:3 is not actually answered until 8:18-19. As may be seen in our outline, we take the question and its answer as inclusios (a sort of envelope construction) for this unit. The intervening materials are various sermons and prophetic sayings that relate directly or indirectly to the question of fasting.