I. Philippi—The City
The letter is addressed “to all the saints . . . at Philippi.” Philippi was the site of the first Christian mission in Europe. It resulted from Paul's response to “the Macedonian call” (Ac 16).
The city, named after Philip of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great, was located eight miles north of Neapolis, the port city. Philippi became a Roman colony in 42 b.c. It was a strategic city for the launching of Western Christianity.