VI. Outline of the Epistle

VI. Outline of the Epistle

  1. Introduction (1:1-17)
    1. Opening Section (1:1-7)
    2. Paul and the Romans (1:8-15)
    3. Theme of the Epistle (1:16-17)
  2. God's Righteousness Judges Sin (1:18-3:20)
    1. God's Wrath Against the World (1:18-32)
    2. God's Righteous Judgment (2:1-16)
    3. The Jews and the Law (2:17-29)
    4. Objections Answered (3:1-8)
    5. All Under Sin (3:9-20)
  3. God's Righteousness Provides Salvation (3:21-8:39)
    1. Righteousness Through Faith (3:21-26)
    2. Justification (3:27-5:21)
      1. Justification by faith (3:27-31)
      2. Illustration from Abraham (4:1-25)
      3. Benefits of justification by faith (5:1-11)
      4. Universal applicability of justification (5:12-21)
    3. Sanctification (6:1-8:17)
      1. Union with Christ (6:1-14)
      2. Freedom from sin, slavery to righteousness (6:15-23)
      3. Impotence of the law (7:1-25)
        1. Dead to the law (7:1-6)
        2. The law, the sin, and the flesh (7:7-25)
      4. Life in the Spirit (8:1-17)
    4. Future Glory (8:18-27)
    5. Assurance (8:28-39)
  4. God's Righteousness and Israel (9:1-11:36)
    1. Paul's Sorrow for Israel (9:1-5)
    2. God's Sovereignty (9:6-29)
    3. Israel's Unbelief (9:30-10:21)
    4. Israel's Remnant (11:1-10)
    5. Israel's Future Salvation (11:11-32)
    6. Concluding Doxology (11:33-36)
  5. God's Righteousness in Daily Christian Life (12:1-15:13)
    1. General Principle (12:1-2)
    2. Application to Particular Cases (12:3-15:13)
      1. Ministries in the church (12:3-8)
      2. Love as the standard of Christian conduct (12:9-21)
      3. Christian civil duties (13:1-10)
      4. Christ's return and purity of life (13:11-14)
      5. Christian conscience (14:1-15:13)
        1. Not to judge one another (14:1-12)
        2. Love as well as knowledge (14:13-23)
        3. Unity of the strong and the weak (15:1-13)
  6. Conclusion (15:14-16:27)
    1. Paul's Ministry to the Gentiles (15:14-22)
    2. Paul's Plan to Visit Rome (15:23-33)
    3. Personal Greetings (16:1-27)