IV. Outline

IV. Outline

  1. God's Plan for Judah and Jerusalem (1:1-12:6)
    1. Judah's Sin Is the Cause of the Punishment (1:1-5:30)
      1. The problem is defined (1:1-31)
        1. The heading (1:1)
        2. The case against Judah (1:2-31)
      2. Isaiah's twofold vision of the future (2:1-22)
        1. The glorious distant future (2:1-5)
        2. Imminent judgment (2:6-22)
      3. The future Day of Judgment is now (3:1-4:1)
      4. The purging leads to blessing (4:2-6)
      5. Judgment is inevitable (5:1-30)
        1. The song of the vineyard (5:1-7)
        2. A series of woes (5:8-25)
        3. The distant invader is God's instrument (5:26-30)
    2. King Ahaz Is Unfaithful; Need for God's Future King (6:1-12:6)
      1. Isaiah's call (6:1-13)
        1. The encounter (6:1-7)
        2. The commission (6:8-13)
      2. Three prophetic signs (7:1-8:22)
        1. The sign of Shear-Jashub (7:1-9)
        2. The sign of Immanuel (7:10-25)
        3. The sign of Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz (8:1-4)
        4. God's response to Ahaz's lack of faith (8:5-10)
        5. When proper perspective is lost (8:11-22)
      3. The vision of a royal Savior (9:1-7)
      4. The present reality of God's judgment (9:8-10:4)
      5. God's judgment on Assyria (10:5-19)
      6. The remnant of Israel (10:20-34)
      7. An ideal ruler is envisaged (11:1-16)
      8. A hymn of praise (12:1-6)
  2. God's Judgment Against the Nations (13:1-27:13)
    1. Oracles Against Foreign Nations (13:1-23:18)
      1. The prophecy against Babylon (13:1-14:23)
        1. The gathering of Yahweh's host for battle (13:1-5)
        2. The Day of the Lord is near (13:6-22)
        3. How the mighty one has fallen! (14:1-23)
      2. The prophecy against Assyria (14:24-27)
      3. The prophecy against Philistia (14:28-32)
      4. The oracle concerning Moab (15:1-16:14)
      5. The oracle concerning Damascus and Israel (17:1-11)
      6. The futility of the nations (17:12-14)
      7. A prophecy against Ethiopia (18:1-7)
      8. A prophecy concerning Egypt (19:1-25)
      9. A prophecy against Egypt and Cush (20:1-6)
      10. A prophecy against Babylon (21:1-10)
      11. A prophecy concerning Dumah (21:11, 12)
      12. A prophecy concerning Arabia (21:13-17)
      13. A prophecy concerning Jerusalem (22:1-25)
      14. A prophecy against Tyre (23:1-18)
    2. From Chaos to Restoration (24:1-27:13)
  3. Judgment Against Judah Is Renewed (28:1-39:8)
    1. Imminent Danger, Future Hope (28:1-35:10)
      1. Prophecy against the northern kingdom (28:1-13)
      2. Prophecy against Judah (28:14-29)
      3. Jerusalem's future foretold (29:1-24)
      4. Woe to those who rely on Egypt (30:1-31:9)
        1. Woe to the obstinate children (30:1-18)
        2. God will destroy Assyria and deliver Judah (30:19-33)
        3. Woe to those who look to Egypt (31:1-9)
      5. A king who will reign in righteousness (32:1-20)
      6. God will deliver his people (33:1-24)
      7. Judgment against the nations (34:1-17)
      8. The joy of the redeemed (35:1-10)
    2. Sennacherib, Hezekiah, and Isaiah (36:1-39:8)
      1. Sennacherib's siege but Yahweh's victory (36:1-37:38)
      2. Hezekiah's recovery and subsequent shortsightedness (38:1-39:8)
  4. A Message to the Exiles (40:1-55:13)
    1. The Departure From Babylon (40:1-48:22)
      1. A message of comfort (40:1-11)
      2. The power of God (40:12-31)
      3. Fear not, O Israel (41:1-29)
      4. The servant (42:1-25)
      5. I am your Savior (43:1-28)
      6. Yahweh is faithful; idols are foolish (44:1-28)
      7. God will act as he chooses (45:1-25)
      8. The gods of Babylon will fall (46:1-13)
      9. Babylon will fall (47:1-15)
      10. Prepare to leave Babylon (48:1-22)
    2. The Songs of Zion and the Suffering Servant (49:1-55:13)
      1. The servant, bringer of salvation (49:1-13)
      2. The restoration of Zion (49:14-50:3)
      3. The servant, one who perseveres (50:4-11)
      4. Zion is comforted (51:1-52:12)
      5. The suffering and glory of the servant (52:13-53:12)
      6. Zion, beloved by Yahweh (54:1-17)
      7. God's salvation (55:1-13)
  5. Return and Resettlement (56:1-66:24)
    1. Difficulties in the Restoration (56:1-59:21)
      1. Blessed is the one who does what is right (56:1-8)
      2. The humble and wicked contrasted (56:9-57:21)
      3. The spiritual and ethical dimensions of faith (58:1-14)
      4. Sin, confession, and deliverance (59:1-21)
    2. The Future Glory of Zion (60:1-66:24)
      1. Arise, shine! (60:1-22)
      2. The servant's message of hope (61:1-11)
      3. Zion is reassured (62:1-12)
      4. Zion's enemies will be destroyed (63:1-6)
      5. A prayer for help (63:7-64:12)
      6. Yahweh's response: A mixed blessing (65:1-25)
      7. A final word (66:1-24)