Language, Texts, Literature

Language, Texts, Literature

The OT was first written in Hebrew and Aramaic. Nearly all of the OT is in Hebrew; Aramaic is found only in the following passages: Ge 31:47; Ezr 4:8-6:18, 7:12-26; Jer 10:11; Da 2:4b-7:28. Hebrew and Aramaic are not Indo-European languages. The following chart gives an idea of the place of Aramaic and Hebrew among the Semitic family of languages.

GROUP I
East Semitic*
GROUP II
Northwest Semitic
GROUP III
South Semitic
Babylonian
Akkadian
Assyrian
Eblaite
Phoenician
Aramaic
Amorite
Hebrew
Ugaritic
Moabite
Arabic
Ethiopic
(Old South Arabic?)
* = Semitic is an adjective derived from "Shem," Noah's son.