- A. The Role of Jesus Christ in the Formation of God's New Community (1:4–14)
- B. A Prayer for Spiritual Insight Within the New Community (1:15–23)
- C. The Unique Nature of God's New Community (2:1–22)
- D. How Paul Came to the Knowledge of the Mystery (3:1–13)
- E. A Prayer for the Ephesians (3:14–21)
This epistle sets forth the fundamental facts of Christian experience. At the same time, these facts are highlighted with special attention to the Gentiles, new to the covenant community. Paul had come to believe, along with the apostles (Ac 15:13-18), that God had planned to include non-Jews among his people. This newly constituted family he describes as a new community. Although its roots are in the Judaism of the past, its constitution is new and unique in human history. The new community is both a new Israel and the true Israel. In these three chapters, the doctrinal section of the epistle, Paul describes the formation of this new community.